The genus Eucalyptus originates from Australia, Tasmania and other islands of Oceania. There are more than 700 species recognized botanically.
These species have so many physical and chemical properties that make the eucalyptus trees to be used for a wide range of purposes, such as firewood, cuttings, mills, dormers, charcoal, cellulose and paper, fiber and particle boards, energy, medicines, among others.
Among the forest species planted with productive purposes, the cultivation of eucalyptus is one of those that has greater availability of indications and technical orientations.
Eucalyptus has great commercial importance in the Brazilian economy. According to the Brazilian Tree Industry, there are 5.5 million hectares planted with this genus, with an average yield of 39 m³ / ha / year. Productivity, however, depends on a number of factors, such as the planting site, the cultural practices and the inputs available.